Martin in the Fields. The chorus contains the three official languages used by UEFA: English, German, and French.
In addition to the anthem, there is also entrance music, which contains parts of the anthem itself, which is played as teams enter the field. In the final at Wembley Stadium , the chorus was played twice.
In Kiev , the instrumental version of the chorus was played by 2Cellos. This resulted in the anthem, "house colours" of black and white or silver and a logo, and the "starball".
Based on research it conducted, TEAM concluded that by , "the starball logo had achieved a recognition rate of 94 percent among fans". The two streams are divided between teams qualified by virtue of being league champions, and those qualified by virtue of finishing 2nd—4th in their national championship.
Four of the remaining six qualifying places are granted to the winners of a six-round qualifying tournament between the remaining 43 or 44 national champions, within which those champions from associations with higher coefficients receive byes to later rounds.
The other two are granted to the winners of a three-round qualifying tournament between the 11 clubs from the associations ranked 5 through 15, which have qualified based upon finishing second, or third in their respective national league.
In addition to sporting criteria, any club must be licensed by its national association to participate in the Champions League. To obtain a license, the club must meet certain stadium, infrastructure, and finance requirements.
In —06 season , Liverpool and Artmedia Bratislava became the first teams to reach the Champions League group stage after playing in all three qualifying rounds.
Real Madrid holds the record for the most consecutive appearances in the group stage, having qualified 22 times in a row —present. They are followed by Arsenal on 19 —  and Manchester United on 18 — Between and , no differentiation was made between champions and non-champions in qualification.
The 16 top ranked teams spread across the biggest domestic leagues qualified directly for the tournament group stage.
Prior to this, three preliminary knockout qualifying rounds whittled down the remaining teams, with teams starting in different rounds.
An exception to the usual European qualification system happened in , after Liverpool won the Champions League the year before, but did not finish in a Champions League qualification place in the Premier League that season.
Until —16, no association could have more than four entrants in the Champions League. The previous limit of a maximum of four teams per association was increased from to five, meaning that a fourth-placed team from one of the top three ranked associations would only have to be moved to the Europa League if both the Champions League and Europa League winners came from that association and both finished outside the top four of their domestic league.
He said "The first trophy is to finish in the top four". The tournament proper begins with a group stage of 32 teams, divided into eight groups.
Seeding is used whilst making the draw for this stage, whilst teams from the same nation may not be drawn into groups together. Each team meets the others in its group home and away in a round-robin format.
The winning team and the runners-up from each group then progress to the next round. For this stage, the winning team from one group plays against the runners-up from another group, and teams from the same association may not be drawn against each other.
From the quarter-finals onwards, the draw is entirely random, without association protection. The tournament uses the away goals rule: The group stage is played from September to December, whilst the knock-out stage starts in February.
The knock-out ties are played in a two-legged format, with the exception of the final. This is typically held in the final two weeks of May.
The maximum number of teams that an association can field in the tournament has also been increased from four to five. The top four clubs from the four top-ranked national associations will receive guaranteed qualification automatically for the group stage.
The Europa League holders also will automatically qualify for the group stage. Changes will be made to the access list above, if the Champions League or Europa League title holders qualify for the tournament via their domestic leagues.
A referee is initially placed into Category 4 with the exception of referees from France, Germany, England, Italy, or Spain.
Referees from these five countries are typically comfortable with top professional matches and are therefore directly placed into Category 3.
Referees are appointed based on previous matches, marks, performances, and fitness levels. To discourage bias, the Champions League takes nationality into account.
No referee may be of the same origins as any club in his or her respecting groups. After a consensus is made, the name of the appointed referee remains confidential up to two days before the match for the purpose of minimising public influence.
Since , a UEFA international referee cannot exceed the age of 45 years. After turning 45, a referee must step down at the end of his season.
The age limit was established to ensure an elite level of fitness. Today, UEFA Champions League referees are required to pass a fitness test even to be considered at the international level.
Install in your calendar. Added to your calendar. How to add a calendar? MD Preliminary round draw 12 Jun Third qualifying round draw 23 Jul Play-off round draw 06 Aug PO - 1st leg Aug PO - 2nd leg Aug Group stage draw 30 Aug Group stage - Matchday 1 Sep Group stage - Matchday 2 Oct Group stage - Matchday 3 Oct Is this the best Juventus team of all time?
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